New scientific evidence continues to demonstrate that the ozone depletion models -and the resulting ban on CFCs- are based on a Big Lie By Rogelio Maduro Co-author of the book " The Holes in the Ozone Scare"New satellite ozone data and other atmospheric studies based on actual measurements confirm that the ozone layer is not a homogeneous, flat and that atmospheric dynamics, not chemistry, is the driving factor that determines the thickness of the ozone layer. The scientific research reported here strips any shred of credibility from the claims of the ozone depletion theorists leaving the Montreal Protocol backed only by the Malthusian ideotogy of its founders. The dramatic new satellite ozone data, featured on the cover, are from the Crista-Spas ensemble of instruments, designed by scientists at the University of Wuppertal in Germany, which was deployed by the Space Shuttle in November The Crista team announced its first results at a press conference in Bonn on Nov.
Scientists are primarily moved Malthusian theory in relation to the curiosity, by the passionate desire to know how things happen in life and Nature and secondly, by the desire to use this knowledge for human welfare.
Nobody can deny that science has rendered invaluable service to mankind in various spheres. It is due to the discoveries of science that we have been able to find a cure for most diseases and prevent the outbreak of epidemics, thereby vastly increasing life expectancy.
The most valuable service which science has rendered to mankind is that it has given it supreme self confidence. It has given man the assurance that, instead of being a slave to his environment, he can control and modify it to suit his needs. Before the scientific era, an agriculturalist eked out a precarious existence, his livelihood depending upon the vagaries of the weather.
Insect pests, locusts, drought devastated his fields. Population control would still be needed if food production is to keep pace with the growth in numbers, but the spectacular progress which scientific cultivation has made possible in the field of agriculture has belied all Malthusian fears.
Progress in the industrial field has been even more spectacular, thanks to the application of science to industry. The world, particularly the developed part of it, now enjoys a standard of living which in former ages was not even enjoyed by the wealthier classes.
The higher standards of living have made it possible for the governments to provide the social services on a liberal scale. The machine has not only relieved man of heavy burdensome tasks, but has also provided him with ample leisure in which he can engage himself in cultural pursuits, cultivate various kinds of hobbies and travel.
It is through science that he has been able to invent new sources of entertainment and education, such as cinema, radio and television. The enormous popularity of these sources of entertainment proves how useful they are to mankind.
Before the invention of the printing press, education was confined to a small section of the community and was of a predominantly religious character. The printing press revolutionised the art of publication and brought books, periodicals and newspapers within everyone's reach.
Democracy would have been impossible without the printing press. The modern media of mass communication are another fruitful source of education. Many civilisations in the past perished because the people recklessly exploited natural resources, exhausted the soil and turned the land into a desert.
Impelled by the profit-motive, nations are still recklessly exploiting world resources without giving any serious thought to what would happen a few hundred years hence.
When we know that man has to live on this planet for millions of years, this policy of exploiting natural resources and not judiciously conserving them is, to put it mildly, extremely short-sighted.
The same short-sightedness is being displayed over population growth. Science has rendered great service to humanity by finding a cure for most diseases, by preventing the outbreak of epidemics which formerly used to kill millions of persons, and by curtailing the death rate in other ways.
But unless men learn to curtail the birth rate as well, we will, before long, be faced with a population explosion. Science has not proved that Malthus was wrong. It has only proved that for some time natural restraints on population in the form of wars, pestilences and famines can be held back.
This planet can be made a decent place to live in only if man is wise. Science gives knowledge and power, but not necessarily wisdom. The most effective way of preventing abuse of science and technology is to keep political power under control.
It can mould the mind of the masses far more effectively than ever before. In earlier times, there were, to be sure, empires, but these empires disintegrated as soon as they became very big in size, because, for want of rapid means of communication, the distant parts could not be kept under control and rebellions could not be promptly dealt with.
Now, the people are living in big communities and we have not only national but also multi-national States. Economically also, we have organised ourselves on a big scale.
We have, instead of small farms, giant collective and co-operative farms, as well as huge personal estates. Workers are organized in huge trade unions with a membership running into millions.
We now have factories employing lakhs of workers, industrial combines and trusts with incomes larger than the revenues of many States, big cooperative stores and stores owned and managed by private entrepreneurs, nation-wide political parties and parties of an international character.
Even the national boundaries are considered too narrow for man's activities, and people are coming closer in huge international organisations. Though giganticism seems inevitable, it poses a number of problems. In a vast organisation a person's individuality is lost and he feels that his fate is being determined by huge impersonal forces beyond his control.
The State ought to see that these forces do not harm its citizens. While science and technology make for centralisation of economic and political activity, we can, in several ways, decentralise political and economic authority.An Outline of General System Theory () Ludwig von Bertalanffy 1 Parallel Evolution in Science As we survey the evolution of modern science, we find the remarkable phenomenon that similar general.
Why do people act differently in crowds than they do individually? In this lesson, we will discuss three different theories to explain crowd behavior: contagion theory, convergence theory, and.
The Neo-Malthusian Population theory assumes that poor nations will never be able to rise much above subsistence levels unless they engage in preventive population checks, if not positive checks. Thomas Robert Malthus FRS (/ During the Peace of Amiens of he travelled to France and Switzerland, in a party that included his relation and future wife Harriet.
In Ricardo defined a theory of rent in his Principles of . The Malthusian Theory of Population is a theory of exponential population growth and arithmetic food supply growth. Thomas Robert Malthus, an English cleric, and scholar published this theory in his writings, An Essay on the Principle of Population.
The Population Bomb is a best-selling book written by Stanford University Professor Paul R. Ehrlich and his wife, Anne Ehrlich (who was uncredited), in It warned of mass starvation of humans in the s and s due to overpopulation, as well as other major societal upheavals, and advocated immediate action to limit population plombier-nemours.com of a "population explosion" were widespread in.