When the heart beats, blood propels in the arteries with force. This is called systolic blood pressure. When the heart relaxes after each beat, the force of the blood flow drops called diastolic blood pressure. Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is the chronic state of elevated pressure in the arteries.
Thyroid problems Certain defects you're born with congenital in blood vessels Certain medications, such as birth control pills, cold remedies, decongestants, over-the-counter pain relievers and some prescription drugs Illegal drugs, such as cocaine and amphetamines Risk factors High blood pressure has many risk factors, including: The risk of high blood pressure increases as you age.
Until about age 64, high blood pressure is more common in men. Women are more likely to develop high blood pressure after age High blood pressure is particularly common among people of African heritage, often developing at an earlier age than it does in whites. Serious complications, such as stroke, heart attack and kidney failure, also are more common in people of African heritage.
High blood pressure tends to run in families. Being overweight or obese. The more you weigh the more blood you need to supply oxygen and nutrients to your tissues. As the volume of blood circulated through your blood vessels increases, so does the pressure on your artery walls. Not being physically active.
People who are inactive tend to have higher heart rates. The higher your heart rate, the harder your heart must work with each contraction and the stronger the force on your arteries. Lack of physical activity also increases the risk of being overweight.
Not only does smoking or chewing tobacco immediately raise your blood pressure temporarily, but the chemicals in tobacco can damage the lining of your artery walls.
This can cause your arteries to narrow and increase your risk of heart disease. Secondhand smoke also can increase your heart disease risk. Too much salt sodium in your diet. Too much sodium in your diet can cause your body to retain fluid, which increases blood pressure.
Too little potassium in your diet. Potassium helps balance the amount of sodium in your cells. If you don't get enough potassium in your diet or retain enough potassium, you may accumulate too much sodium in your blood. Drinking too much alcohol. Over time, heavy drinking can damage your heart.
Having more than one drink a day for women and more than two drinks a day for men may affect your blood pressure.High blood pressure or hypertension is a condition in which pressure in the blood vessels is higher than it should be. Blood pressure is measured as two readings, systolic and diastolic.
Normal blood pressure is / New guidelines state that blood pressure between /80 and /80 is elevated, and /80 is high.
High blood pressure is a common condition that can increase risk for certain diseases such as heart attacks, strokes, and kidney disease.
Coenzyme Q10, a non-prescription nutritional supplement, has been suggested as a potential drug to lower blood pressure. Blood pressure is determined by the amount of blood pumped by the heart and how easily blood flows through arteries.
High blood pressure (hypertension) is when blood flows through your blood.
High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a disease that occurs when the blood flows through the arteries at a higher than normal pressure. Blood pressure refers to the force of blood pushing against the artery walls.
High blood pressure causes the heart to have to work harder than usual, and. High blood pressure is a common condition in which the long-term force of the blood against your artery walls is high enough that it may eventually cause health problems, such as heart disease.
Blood pressure is determined both by the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to. About High Blood Pressure: Hypertension means high blood pressure. This generally means: systolic blood pressure is consistently over (systolic is the "top" number of your blood pressure measurement, which represents the pressure generated when the heart beats).