A multidimensional, multicultural and highly stratified country like India, has multiple reasons to complain about such high rates of poverty. Some of them could be vagaries of nature, drought, natural disaster, chronic health issues, etc.
It is becoming more and more complex also. Such a complex problem will have to be tackled in a planned manner.
No single solution can be an effective remedy for this problem. Multi-pronged attempt is needed to face it in an effective manner. It is possible only with the combined efforts of the government and the public. The growing population in India is a major cause of many socio-economic problems.
Our population is growing on an average at the rate of 2.
We are adding every year more than lakh to lakh people to our population. At the same time, about 5 million people attain the employable position every year. Job opportunities are not increasing at the same rate to accommodate the growing population. Hence the population growth has to be checked.
Family planning programme has to be made more popular and other suitable steps are to be taken to minimize or neutralize its growth. The main solution for the problem lies in achieving substantial economic development. This can be materialized, only if attention is paid equally to agriculture and industry.
The employment opportunities in the agricultural sector may be increased through the construction of major and minor irrigation projects, expansion and development of plantation, intensive agriculture and horticulture. Unutilised land may be brought under- cultivation.
Forest and Animal Husbandry. The development of forest and fisheries and encouragement of animal husbandry [dairy farming, poultry, piggery, etc.
In the Indian context, cottage and household industries which are often associated with agriculture play a vital role in the development of economy. Hence they should be given due encouragement. Basket making, brick-making, toy-making, beedi rolling, agarbati making, carpentry and furniture making, leather works, carving, smithery, and such other works are to be encouraged to keep our people engaged with work that fetch economic rewards.
Commercial crops can make agricultural tasks economically attractive. Commercial crops such as areca, coffee, tea, pepper, ginger, cardamom, cashew, tobacco, ground nut, vegetables and fruits, etc.
Due encouragement is to be given to the farmers to grow such commercial crops. Depending upon the local needs and feasibility new agricultural programmes and projects are to be launched so that the young people of the area get new opportunities to use their talents and energy for the developmental programmes.
The Bhoomi Sainiks [young men of the local area] are given funds by the state government in the form of bank loans for the aforestation of land. Planned development of industries is essential for creating more and more job opportunities. Development of industries may include: Proper balance should be maintained between agricultural growth and industrial development, so that industry would not destroy handicrafts and household industries.
The unchecked process of mechanization and the domination of multinational companies are adversely affecting the creation of new job opportunities. In the name of industrial growth new labour-saving machine are installed which are taking away the jobs of men. Gandhiji had opposed the process of mechanization in this regard.
Sufficient care should be taken to see no new machine takes away the jobs of existing workers. The process of economic liberalization let loose by the central government recently has given new scope for the multinational companies to establish their domination over the indigenous industries.
The governmental invitation for these companies may erode the job opportunities for millions of people. Education has much to do with employment and unemployment. Our education is not much job- oriented, it is degree-oriented.
It caters more to urban needs rather than to rural requirements. It has not completely come out of the British colonial bias. Hence, it has failed to create an army of self- reliant, self-dignified young men and women.
It very badly requires a thorough overhauling.
Throughout the country, primary education should be made more popular and effective. Our villages should become the centres of concentration in this regard.Many states in India are independently running such schemes for the poor and unemployed, How to apply for unemployment allowance awareness scheme for Andhra pradesh state.
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The unemployment rate is a measure of the prevalence of unemployment and it is calculated as a percentage by dividing the number of unemployed individuals by .
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act World Bank in reported that India is home to the maximum number of poor in any country. There can’t be a more diabolical figure for a postcolonial nation that ranks high on Gross Domestic Product but disdainfully low on Human Development Index.
Sep 13, · unemployment allowance News: Latest and Breaking News on unemployment allowance. Explore unemployment allowance profile at Times of India for photos, videos and latest news of unemployment allowance. The unemployment rate is a measure of the prevalence of unemployment and it is calculated as a percentage by dividing the number of unemployed individuals by all individuals currently in the labor force.