It is bordered by six countries other nations: Germany, Belgium and Luxembourg to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the southeast and Spain to the southwest.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Historically and culturally among the most important nations in the Western world, France has also played a highly significant role in international affairs, with former colonies in every corner of the globe.
Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Seathe Alps and the PyreneesFrance has long provided a geographic, economic, and linguistic bridge joining northern and southern Europe. The French people look to the state as the primary guardian of liberty, and the state in turn provides a generous program of amenities for its citizens, from free education to health care and pension plans.
Even so, this centralist tendency is often at odds with another long-standing theme of the French nation: This tendency toward individualism joins with a pluralist outlook and a great interest in the larger world.
Even though its imperialist stage was driven by the impulse to civilize that world according to French standards la mission civilisatricethe French still note approvingly the words of writer Gustave Flaubert: I am no more modern than I am ancient, no more French than Chinese; and the idea of la patrie, the fatherland—that is, the obligation to live on a bit of earth coloured red or blue on a map, and to detest the other bits coloured green or black—has always seemed to me narrow, restricted, and ferociously stupid.
At once universal and particular, French culture has spread far and greatly influenced the development of art and science, particularly anthropology, philosophy, and sociology.
France has also been influential in government and civil affairs, giving the world important democratic ideals in the age of the Enlightenment and the French Revolution and inspiring the growth of reformist and even revolutionary movements for generations.
The present Fifth Republic has, however, enjoyed notable stability since its promulgation on September 28,marked by a tremendous growth in private initiative and the rise of centrist politics. Although France has engaged in long-running disputes with other European powers and, from time to time, with the United Statesits longtime allyit emerged as a leading member in the European Union EU and its predecessors.
As one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council —together with the United States, Russiathe United Kingdomand China —France has the right to veto decisions put to the council. Metropolitan Paris has now extended far beyond its ancient suburbs into the countryside, however, and nearly every French town and village now numbers a retiree or two driven from the city by the high cost of livingso that, in a sense, Paris has come to embrace the desert and the desert Paris.
Paris skyline at dusk. Page 1 of Access the latest politics analysis and economic growth summary through for France from The Economist Intelligence Unit. Nov 09, · Watch video · As the 18th century drew to a close, France’s costly involvement in the American Revolution, and extravagant spending by King Louis XVI and his predecessor, had left the country on the brink of.
France is a founding member of the European Union (EU) and a member of the G8, G20, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and World Trade Organization (WTO).
It is divided into 12 metropolitan regions, with Paris as the capital. France today is one of the most modern countries in the world and is a leader among European nations. It plays an influential global role as a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, NATO, the G-7, the G, .
With at least 89 million foreign tourists per year, France is the most visited country in the world.
PwC has developed expertise in France in audit, accounting, and consultancy for businesses of all sizes, in public and private sectors. Historical Summary of France The country of France emerged from the fragmentation of the larger Carolingian empire, when Hugh Capet became King of West Francia in This kingdom consolidated power and expanded territorially, becoming known as “France”.