Beginning in Italy, and spreading to the rest of Europe by the 16th century, its influence was felt in literature, philosophy, art, music, politics, science, religion, and other aspects of intellectual inquiry. Renaissance scholars employed the humanist method in study, and searched for realism and human emotion in art. It is in their new focus on literary and historical texts that Renaissance scholars differed so markedly from the medieval scholars of the Renaissance of the 12th centurywho had focused on studying Greek and Arabic works of natural sciences, philosophy and mathematics, rather than on such cultural texts.
Visit Website Did you know? Leonardo da Vinci, the ultimate "Renaissance man," practiced all the visual arts and studied a wide range of topics, including anatomy, geology, botany, hydraulics and flight.
His frescoes were said to have decorated cathedrals at Assisi, Rome, Padua, Florence and Naples, though there has been difficulty attributing such works with certainty. Inthe sculptor Lorenzo Ghiberti c. The other major artist working during this period was the painter Masaccioknown for his frescoes of the Trinity in the Church of Santa Maria Novella c.
Masaccio painted for less than six years but was highly influential in the early Renaissance for the intellectual nature of his work, as well as its degree of naturalism. Florence in the Renaissance Though the Catholic Church remained a major patron of the arts during the Renaissance—from popes and other prelates to convents, monasteries and other religious organizations—works of art were increasingly commissioned by civil government, courts and wealthy individuals.
Much of the art produced during the early Renaissance was commissioned by the wealthy merchant families of Florence, most notably the Medici.
Three great masters— Leonardo da VinciMichelangelo and Raphael—dominated the period known as the High Renaissance, which lasted roughly from the early s until the sack of Rome by the troops of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V of Spain in Michelangelo Buonarroti drew on the human body for inspiration and created works on a vast scale.
He carved the latter by hand from an enormous marble block; the famous statue measures five meters high including its base. Though Michelangelo considered himself a sculptor first and foremost, he achieved greatness as a painter as well, notably with his giant fresco covering the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, completed over four years and depicting various scenes from Genesis.
Raphael Sanzio, the youngest of the three great High Renaissance masters, learned from both da Vinci and Michelangelo.
Among the other great Italian artists working during this period were Bramante, Giorgione, Titian and Correggio. Renaissance Art in Practice Many works of Renaissance art depicted religious images, including subjects such as the Virgin Mary, or Madonna, and were encountered by contemporary audiences of the period in the context of religious rituals.
Today, they are viewed as great works of art, but at the time they were seen and used mostly as devotional objects. Many Renaissance works were painted as altarpieces for incorporation into rituals associated with Catholic Mass and donated by patrons who sponsored the Mass itself.
Renaissance artists came from all strata of society; they usually studied as apprentices before being admitted to a professional guild and working under the tutelage of an older master. Far from being starving bohemians, these artists worked on commission and were hired by patrons of the arts because they were steady and reliable.
In addition to sacred images, many of these works portrayed domestic themes such as marriage, birth and the everyday life of the family.
Expansion and Decline Over the course of the 15th and 16th centuries, the spirit of the Renaissance spread throughout Italy and into France, northern Europe and Spain.
Oil painting during the Renaissance can be traced back even further, however, to the Flemish painter Jan van Eyck diedwho painted a masterful altarpiece in the cathedral at Ghent c. By the later s, the Mannerist style, with its emphasis on artificiality, had developed in opposition to the idealized naturalism of High Renaissance art, and Mannerism spread from Florence and Rome to become the dominant style in Europe.The Renaissance: A History From Beginning to End (Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo, Theresa of Avila, William Shakespeare, Martin Luther, Johannes Gutenberg) - Kindle edition by Hourly History.
Download it once and read it /5(46). Watch video · Explore the artistic life of Michelangelo, considered the most famous artist of the Italian Renaissance and among the most exalted artists in all of history, on plombier-nemours.com - The Renaissance Renaissance is the period of European history that saw a renewed interest in the arts.
The Renaissance began in 14th-century Italy and spread to the rest of Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries. Oct 15, · Watch video · Many works of Renaissance art depicted religious images, including subjects such as the Virgin Mary, or Madonna, and were encountered by contemporary audiences of the period in the context of religious rituals.
The most refined works came to life in what is known as Renaissance Classicism or High Renaissance. The most famous artists of this time were Da Vinci, Michelangelo, Donatello, and Giorgione.
Sculpture was the first fine art to evolve. Donatello was the most notable sculptor of the Renaissance. Michelangelo developed architectural structures. The Swiss historian Jacob Burckhardt (–) in his The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy (), by contrast, defined the Renaissance as the period between Giotto and Michelangelo in Italy, that is, the 14th to midth centuries.